You are planning to buy an Electric Vehicle, and have zeroed on a few options. But one thing constantly itches you. “How Am I going to charge it? There aren’t as many charging stations as are fuel pumps.” Let that thought no longer hold you back from purchasing your first Electric Vehicle. The Government has issued new guidelines for Electric vehicle charging. These guidelines are aimed at developing the charging infrastructure over the span of next 5 years. It may seem very ambitious, but lets dive deep into it.
What does the new guideline say?
First – It replaces the guidelines that were issued in December last year after taking inputs from various stakeholders. The new guideline heavily emphasizes on the number of stations in a given area – enabling ease of physical access. Accordingly, there should be at least 1 charging station for every 3 Square Kilometer in cities. On the highways, there should be atleast 1 for every 25 kms on both sides.
In the first phase, all the megacities and the expressways that connect these megacities will be covered with electric vehicle charging stations in 1-3 years. Other major cities are to be covered in the second phase in next 3-5 years. In addition to normal charging stations, Fast charging stations are to be setup for every 100 kms.
Public Charging Stations
Another major boost is the de-licensing of Public Charging Stations. Under the new guidelines, the public charging stations (PCS) are to become de-licenced. What this means is that any individual or entity is free to setup the public charging stations. In addition, the owners are free to install chargers of different standards (CCS, CHAdeMO, Type-2 AC, Bharat AC 001) so as to increase flexibility. They are also free to install Slow/Moderate/Fast chargers as per DST/BIS standards. The Tariff for PCS shall be determined as per tariff policy issued under section 3 of the Electricity Act, 2003.
The Role of Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE)
The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) will act as the central nodal agency, while there is also provision for state based nodal agencies. These agencies will act as facilitators for installing the charging stations. These guidelines assumes that most of the Electric vehicle charging will take place at homes or offices and that the decision to use the fast/slow charging lies with the consumer. Domestic charging of Electric vehicle will be charged similar to domestic consumption of electricity.
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